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Information on Langkawi
Malaysia is located in the heart of Southeast Asia. Consisting of 127,000
sq. miles (330,200 sq. km), Malaysia is divided into two main regions: Peninsular
Malaysia, which lies just south of Thailand, and East Malaysia, which can
be found north of Indonesia on the island of Borneo. These two regions are
divided into thirteen states and federal territories. Although East Malaysia
occupies the larger portion of Malaysia's total area, it is primarily comprised
of undeveloped land and jungles.
Malaysia is a land of fascinating sights and attractions. Rich in colour
and contrasts, her multi-faceted charm provides intriguing images that
leave visitors to the country in awe. The natural warmth of Malaysians
is legendary; wherever one goes, the friendliness and hospitality of the
people would prove to be a very special experience. Malaysia is paradise.
Its sun-drenched beaches, enchanting islands, diverse flora and fauna,
forest retreats and magnificent mountains are among the best in this region.
Many visitors have discovered Malaysia's other attractions: a shopping
haven, a versatile conference venue, an incentive destination, an adventure
land and much more.
temperature that fluctuates little throughout the year, travel in Malaysia
is a pleasure. Average temperature is between 21 to 32 degree celcius. Humidity
is high. Rain tends to occur between November to February on the east coast
of Peninsular Malaysia, on western Sarawak, and north-eastern Sabah. On
the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia the rainy seasons is April to May
and October to November.
PEOPLE AND CULTURE
has a combined population of over 18 million people. Because of its central
location, between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea, Malaysia has
traditionally been a meeting point for traders and travelers from both the
East and West. As a result, Malaysia has a multicultural and multiracial
population consisting of Malays, Chinese, Indians and numerous indigenous
peoples. Although Malay is the official language, English is widely spoken,
especially in business, and the English language is a compulsory subject
in all schools. With such a varying ethnic composition, it is no surprise
that a great diversity of religions is prevalent throughout Malaysia. Although
the official religion is Islam, freedom of worship is practiced. As a result,
it is a common to see temples, mosques and churches within the same area.
Groups: 59% Malay and other indigenous, 32% Chinese and 9% Indian.
Malay (official), English, Chinese dialects, Mandarin, Hakka dialects,
Cantonese, Tamil and numerous tribal languages.
Muslim (primarily Malays), Buddhism (Chinese), Hindu (Indian), Christianity,
Confucianism, Taoism and tribal religions.
When visiting Malaysia, the visitor should observe local customs and practices.
Some common courtesies and customs are as follow:-
handshakes generally suffice for both men and women, some Muslim ladies
may acknowledge an introduction with a gentleman with a nod of her head
and smile. A handshake is only to be reciprocated if the lady offers
her hand first. The traditional greeting of "salam" resembles a handshake
with both hands but without the grasp. The man offers both hands, lightly
touches his friend's outstretched hands, then brings his hands to his
chest to mean, " I greet you from my heart". The visitor should reciprocate
is polite to call before visiting a home
must be removed when entering a Malaysian home. It is also customary
to do so upon entering a mosque or an Indian temple.
right hand is always used when eating with one's hand or when giving
and receiving objects The right forefinger is not used to point at places,
objects or persons. Instead, the thumb of the right hand with the four
fingers, folden under is preferred usage.
is not a common practice in Malaysia. The country's large Muslim population
does not drink alcoholic bevergaes.
Malaysians tend to be late for appointments yet expect others to be on
time. Your contact will meet you at your hotel or at his or her office.
Meetings are often held during lunch or dinner.
Malaysians are usually called by their given names preceded by Mr., Mrs.,
or Miss. The Chinese use their family names preceded by Mr., Mrs., or
A firm handshake and a "hello" are suitable as a greeting. Muslims bring
their hand to their chest after shaking hands, and you should follow suit.
Business cards are always exchanged and should be both given and received
with both hands at all times. Study the card for a few moments before
placing it in your pocket.
A suit and tie is suitable business attire for men, with the jacket removed
on warmer days. Long-sleeved batik shirts are always acceptable. For women,
a suit or blouse and skirt are best for daytime appointments.
The many cultures and religions of Malaysia may make giving a suitable
gift a complicated issue. Never give liquor to a Muslim (alcoholic beverages
are forbidden in the Muslim religion), or clocks, watches, knives or white
flowers to a Chinese person (white flowers are associated with death in
Chinese culture, and so are clocks, knives and watches - the word for
time and death sound similar). A pen or a similar object having a company
logo is probably the safest kind of gift.
Malaysian unit of currency is the Ringgit (M$), which is divided into 100
sen. Currency comes in notes of M$1, M$5, M$10, M$20, M$50, M$100, M$500
and M$1,000. Coins are issued in 1 sen, 5 sen, 10 sen, 20 sen, 50 sen and
M$1 denominations. 1US$ is about RM 3.80;
The country's regulation requires all travellers to declare the amount
of local and foreign currencies in their possession on arrival into and
departure from Malaysia. Travellers Declaration Form (TDF) for this purpose
can be obtained from any Malaysiam Embassies/High Commission, Malaysia
Tourism Promotion Board Office and all entry/exit points in Malaysia.
Non-resident travllers entering Malaysia are permitted to import up to
a maximum amoutn of RM 1000 only and any amount of foreign currencies.
Conversely, they are permitted to exportup to a maximum amount of RM 1000
only and foreign currencies not more then what was originally brought
into the country.
THINGS TO KNOW
Fourteen equal horizontal stripes of red (top) alternating with white
(bottom); there is a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing
a yellow crescent and a yellow fourteen-pointed star; the crescent and
star are traditional symbols of Islam; the design was based on the U.S.
Hours: Department stores and supermarkets are usually open
from 10am to 10pm and shops from 9:30am to 7pm. In Kuala Lumpur, as well
as in most major towns, there are several 24-hour stores.
Sat : 9:30am-11:30am
Sun : Closed
Kelantan and Terengganu:
Weekly holidays vary from region to region. In Selangor, Melaka,
Penang, Perak, Pahang and Negri Sembilan, there is a half-day holiday
on Saturday and a full-day holiday on Sunday. In the states of Johor,
Kedah, Perlis, Terengganu and Kelantan a traditional half-day holiday
is observed on Thursday and full-day holiday on Friday; Saturday and Sunday
are treated as weekdays.
New Year's Day- 1st January*
Hari Raya Aidil Fitri- January*
Chinese New Year- January/February*
Labour Day- 1st May
Vesak Day- May*
The King's Birthday- June
August 31 - National Day*
Christmas Day- 25th Decmber*
#Execpt Sarawak and Labuan
If a holiday falls on a weekend or Friday, the following day becomes
Malaysia is 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean time (GMT) and 16 hours
ahead of United States Pacific Standard Time.
Tipping is usually not necessary, unless service is excellent. Most
hotels and large restaurants automatically add a 10% service charge
in addition to the 5% government tax to the bill (indicated by a ++
sign on menus and rate cards).
10% service charge added automatically. Additional tipping is unnecessary,
unless service is excellent.
Tip porters about M$1 per bag. Any tip less than 50 sen would be considered
maids: Service charge added automatically. Additional tipping
is unnecessary, unless to acknowledge excellent service.
Most taxis are fitted with meters. Taxi rates are currently RM 2 for
the first 2km and 10 sen for every 200 meters thereon. A surcharge
of 50% is levied between midnight and 6.00am.
VISAS AND PASSPORT
must be in possession of a current passport or other internationally
recognized travel document. They must be endorsed for traveling to Malaysia
and have a period of validity of at least six months beyond the time
of stay allowed in Malaysia. No visas are required for citizens of British
Commonwealth countries (except India), British Protected persons, and
citizens of the Republic of Ireland, Liechtenstein, the Netherlands,
San Marino, Switzerland and the United States (for social, business
or academic purposes only). No visas are required for stays not exceeding
three months for citizens of: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Iceland,
Italy, Japan, Luxemburg, Norway, South Korea, Sweden, Tunesia, U.S.A.
, France and Germany (except for local employment).
For International flights from Kuala Lumpur, the tax is RM 40 while
for domestic departures the tax is RM 5.
Items: Items such as cameras, watches, pens, portable radio-cassette
players, perfume, cosmetics and lighters are duty-free in Malaysia.
Visitors bringing in dutiable goods may have to pay a deposit for temporary
importation, refundable on departure - usually 50% of the value (carry
receipt of purchase and obtain an official receipt for any tax or deposit
TRAVEL TO THE COUNTRY
Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA)
Langkawi International Airport
Kuching International Airport
Penang International Airport
Terengganu International Airport
Malaysia Airlines (MAS)
MAS Building, Jalan Sultan Ismail
Tel (03)261-0555 ~ 24 Hour reservation: Tel (03)774-7000
British Airways: Tel (03)242-6177
Northwest Orient: Tel (03)238-4355
Qantas: Tel (03)238-9133
Royal Brunei: Tel(03)242-6511
Singapore Airlines: (03)292-3122
Thai Airways International: Tel (03)293-7100
Butterworth and Singapore to the main railway station at Kuala Lumpur:
From Butterworth to Penang, tickets may be purchased at the Butterworth
Station: Tel (04)347-962
or at a booking station at the ferry terminal, Weld Quay, Tel (04)610290.
To Kuala Lumpur: Regional buses travel to the main Pudu Raya
Terminal on Jalan Pudu.
Feri Malaysia, Menara Utama UMBC, Jalan Sultan Sulaiman, 5000 Kuala
Lumpur, Tel (03)238-8899.
TRAVEL WITHIN THE COUNTRY
Airlines flies to 35 towns and cities in Malaysia. Domestic flights
are relatively inexpensive and often fully booked. Confirm reservations
at least a day in advance. The Discover Malaysia Pass is offered by
the airline. This enables international visitors to travel on domestic
routes for about half the normal fare.
It is advisable to obtain an international driver's license in addition
to a valid permit from home. Laws regarding seat belts are stringent.
They are required for drivers and front seat passengers. Driving is
on the left side of the road.
Avis stands as the largest car rental service in Malaysia Main office
40 Jalan Sultan Ismail,
Tel (03) 255-1044
Popular one-way rentals for a reasonable surcharge, Tel (03) 261-1136.
Best one-way rates K.L.: Tel (03) 293-2388 ~ Kuantan: Tel (09)
528-400 ~ Penang: Tel (04) 830-958
Malayan Railways (KTM) offers an inexpensive yet comfortable service
on the peninsula. Foreign tourists may purchase at main railway stations
a KTM Railpass, which grants unlimited travel for ten days (M$85)
or thirty days (M$175). For information about service from Kota Kinabalu
to Tenom (East Malaysia, Sabah), contact Sabah State Railways at (088)
Bus services are both extensive and inexpensive, but frequently are
not air-conditioned. Local buses are often slow, noisy and full.
Feri Malaysia, Menara Utama UMBC
Jalan Sultan Sulaiman
5000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel (03) 238-8899
Feri Malaysia offers cruises on the ship "Muhibah" from Port Klang
and Kuantan to the eastern states. The Muhibah is equipped with air-conditioned
cabins and suites, restaurants, a cinema, a disco, a gym and a swimming
pool. Feri Malaysia also offers a regular ferry service to various
PLACES OF INTEREST
has much to offer the traveller. Visit Kuala Lumpur, the "Garden
City of Lights" and shop till you drop at its many modern shopping complexes
or colourful bazaars at Chinatown and Central Market.
Malacca is the oldest town in Malaysia. Visit Jonkers Street
for antiques; watch cultural performances at Portugese Square; or visit
Stadthuys; the oldest Dutch building in the East.
For food lovers, a trip to Penang is a must! There are many stalls
selling local delicacies. You can reach Penang via the Penang Bridge.
While there, visit the Snake Temple or take the funicular train up Penang
Hill for a panoramic view of the island.
Langkawi boasts of beautiful beaches and interesting legends.
There is the Mahsuri's Tomb which has a tragic tale behind it, the Beach
of Black Sand, The Lake of the Pregnant Maiden and more.
Nature lovers will love Sabah, a mountainous place with lush
tropical rainforests. Visit Mount Kinabalu (4,101 metres), located at
Kinabalu National Park, is popular with climbers, orchid lovers, bird
and butterfly watchers . Near the National Park headquarters is Poring
Hot Spring, a refreshing refuge to visitors.
Kuching, the capital of Sarawak, is a riverine town with beautifully
landscaped parks and gardens, historic buildings, colourful markets
and an intersting waterfront.
Terengganu also has many natural delights. Visitors can witness
giant leatherback turtles lay their eggs at Rantau Abang between May
to September each year. Those who love the sea, sun and sand can visit
Tanjung Jara whose resort is designed after an old Malay palace.
Other enchanting beaches can be found at Pulau Tioman and
Pulau Sibu on the South China Sea, and Cherating in Pahang.
Discover adventure unlimited at Taman Negara in Pahang. One of
the world's oldest tropical rainforest, Taman Negara is the embodiment
of nature's conservation at its best.
For a rejuvenating experience, take to the hills! Stay at one of Fraser's
Hill's bungalows or hotels and wake up every morning to fresh, cool
At Cameron Highlands, visit the many fruit and vegetable farms.
Visitors who want both the relaxing surroundings of a hill resort and
the excitement of city life will like Genting Highlands. This is the
only place in Malaysia where gambling is legal. There is also an amusement
park for a day of fun rides and more.
DINING AND DRINKING
Malaysia is a country of diverse cultures and traditions, it is not
surprising that its cuisine is just as varied. As one might expect,
each state has its own specialized dishes as well as different means
of preparation and variations in taste. Generally, the Indians and Malays
use spices liberally in their food. The Chinese, on the other hand,
are more subtle, while the Peranakan have developed their own style
of cooking. Even the Eurasions, although small in number, have perfected
their own blend of Eastern- and Western-style cooking.
Malay food is not as widely available in Malaysian restaurants as
Chinese style or American fast food. Restaurants in large hotels offer
international cuisine from such countries as Japan, Korea, France
and Italy. Street food is widely available throughout Malaysia.
Alcohol is fairly expensive in Malaysia. Muslims are forbidden to
drink alcohol, so it may be necessary to head to the hotels or Chinese
liquor stores for beverages. Wine, although expensive, even by the
glass, may not have a good flavor, due to the tropical heat. Beer
is fairly common, yet is often served unchilled. Prices and varieties
range from state to state, but Anchor Draught is most likely the cheapest,
at M$3.90 for a small bottle (M$5.50 for a large bottle). Tiger and
Guinness Stout are also among the most popular and least expensive
beers. Carlsburg, Heineken and Tsing Tao (Chinese lager) are also
available at a higher cost.
dusk, a new facet of Malaysia reveals itself. Hotel lounges and clubs,
frequently found within the larger hotels, are active at night. Although
somewhat expensive, these clubs usually have entertainment on a nightly
basis, excluding Sunday. Performances and styles range from jazz, to
piano/singer acts, to popular music and singers.
Pubs and bars can also be found. Locating these may require some effort,
even for taxi drivers, as the pubs and bars are usually situated in
the suburbs. Major hotels also have pubs, but these are more expensive
than their suburban counterparts. Music, often live, is played on
a nightly basis. Pubs close around 11pm, however, so late-night action
seekers must look elsewhere. Discos begin to warm up just as the pubs
start closing their doors. Discos often stay open until 2am. Some
have live bands and light shows but often require cover charges or
drink minimums. Consult with the locals for the current hot spots.
Nightclubs and cabarets, or "kelab malam" as the locals call them,
offer Fifties-style atmosphere, often with variety acts, floor shows
Johor Bahru: Tel (07) 232-222
Kuala Lumpur: Tel (03) 241-5522 or (03) 243-5522
Melaka: Tel (06) 222-222
and Ambulance: 999
Johor Bharu: 07
Kota Bharu: 09
Kota Kinabalu: 088
Kuala Lumpur: 03
Kuala Terengganu: 09
Sungai Pentai: 04
When calling a telephone number from within the same city, delete
the area code from the number. When calling from within another city
in Malaysia, use the entire area code. When calling from another country,
delete the first digit (0) from the area code.
Lumpur Tourist Information Centre
Jalan Parlimen, 50380 Kuala Lumpur
Tel (03) 293-6664
(Malaysian Tourist Information Complex)
109, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel (03) 242-3929
(Tourist Development Corporation of Malaysia)
24-27th Floor, Menara Dato Onn
Putra World Trade Centre
45, Jalan Tun Ismail, 50480 Kuala Lumpur
Tel (03) 293-5188
Fax: (03) 293-5884
Subang International Airport
Terminals 1 and 2
47200 Subang, Selangor Darul Ehsan
Tel (03) 746-5707 or (03) 746-5907
(Tourist Development Corporation)
10 Jalan Tun Syed Shah Barakbah
Tel (04) 620-066 or (04) 619-067
3rd Floor, KOMTAR Building
Tel (04) 614-461
Level 1, International Airport
Tel (088) 211-484 ext. 335
(Tourist Development Corporation)
Tingkat 2, Bangunan AIA
Bukit Mata Kuching
Jalan Song Thian Cheok
Tel (082) 246-575 or (082) 246-775
Tourist Information CentreConsulate
General of Malaysia
350 South Figueroa Street #400
Los Angeles, CA 90071
Tourist Information Center
830 Burrard Street
Development Corporation of Malaysia
57 Trafalgar Square
London WC2N, 5DU
Tel (071) 930-7932
Development Corporation of Malaysia
65 York Street
Sydney, NSW 2000
Tel (02) 294-441
- apa kabar
- Good bye
- se la mat jalan
you - Sa ma Sa ma
me - Ma fkan say-ya
you speak English? - Ta-hoo-kah ber -da ha sa Ingris?
don't understand - Sa-ya tee dak fa-ham
bring me the menu - To long bawa untuk say-ya me-noo
bring me the bill - To long bawa untuk say-ya bill
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