e p a l
|| Language || Time
|| Climate || People
& Religion || What toWear
Entry Procedures || Customs
|| Travel Route || Airport
Tax || Internal Transport
|| Mountain Flight
Other Transport Arrangements
|| Trekking Permit
|| Major Attractions
It borders with the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of
China in the North and India in the East, South and West respectively.
AREA: 147,181 sq. kilometers.
ALTITUDE: Varies from 70 meters to 8848 meters.
Nepali is the national language of Nepal. Educated people understand and
speak English as well.
Nepal Time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead of
Indian standard time.
Nepal has four major seasons, namely, (1) Winter: December-February, (2)
Spring: March-May, (3) Summer: June-August, (4) Autumn: September- November.
Nepal can be visited the whole year round.
PEOPLE & RELIGION
Nepalese people are mainly divided into two distinct groups the Indo-Aryans
and the Mangoloids. Kathmandu Valley is the spiritual and cultural meeting
point of all these groups. Nepal is the only Hindu Kingdom in the world.
Hindu Temples and Buddhist shrines are scattered all over the kingdom.
Nepal is the birthplace of Lord Buddha, the Light of Asia. There is a
complex blending of Hinduism and Buddhism in Nepal.
WHAT TO WEAR
Except in formal gathering informal clothes are acceptable mostly everywhere.
Warm garments are required in October-March. An umbrella or a rain coat
are must for the rainy season.
CURRENCY & FOREIGN EXCHANGE
Nepali Rupee notes come in Rs. 1, Rs. 2, Rs. 5, Rs. 10, Rs. 20, Rs. 50,
Rs. 100, Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 denominations. Coins come in 5p, 1 0p, 25p,
Rs. 1 & Rs. 5 denominations.
Foreign currencies must be exchanged only through the banks or authorized
foreign exchange dealers. The receipts from such transactions are to be
obtained and retained. Visitors can exchange foreign currency at the foreign
exchange counter at the airport upon arrival. Visitor other than the Indian
nationals have to make the payment in hotels, travel or trekking agencies
and air tickets in foreign currency. Non-lndian visitors are not allowed
to import or export Indian Currency. The approximate value of one US Dollar
is equivalent to Rs. 50.97 as of June 1995.
All visitors except the Indian nationals must hold a passport and a valid
visa. The visas can be obtained at the Nepalese Diplomatic Missions and
Consuls abroad and entry points issue visa for a 15 days. The visa will
be extended at the Department of Immigration, Tridevi Marg, Thamel, Tel:
412337/418573. The Department also issues multi entry visa for the visitors.
By Air: Tribhuvan Internaitonal Airport, Kathmandu.
By Land: (1) Kakarbhitta (2) Birgunj (3) Belhiya (Bhairahawa)
(4) Nepalgunj (5) Dhangadi (6) Jogbani (Biratnagar) and (7) Mahendra Nagar
in Nepal-lndia border and Kodari in Nepal-China border. The overland tourists
entering the Kingdom with their vehicles must possess an international
All baggage is subject to customs' check at the point of entry. Visitors
are allowed to bring in the consumable articles such as liquor one bottle
up 1.15 litres, 200 sticks of cigarette, 15 rolls of photo film and 12
rolls of movie camera film. Visitors are also allowed to carry one binocular,
one camera, one movie camera, one video camera, one radio, one tape recorder,
one bicycle, one wrist watch, one set of fountain pen, one perambulator,
15 radio cassettes & 10 disk records into the country on the condition
that they are declared and are to be taken back on return. Carrying narcotics,
arms and ammunitions are strictly prohibited. Visitors can export souvenirs
to their respective countries. The export of antiuques requires special
certificate from the Department of Archaeology, National Archive Building,
Ram Shah Path, Kathmandu (Tel: 215358), Gold, silver, precious stones,
wild animals and their skins, horns, etc, all drugs whether processed
or in their natural state, are prohibited to export.
Royal Nepal Airlines the national flag carrier of Nepal and other International
airlines operate scheduled flights to Kathmandu from Bangkok, Bombay,
Calcutta, Delhi, Dubai, Dhaka, Paro, Varanasi, Frankfurt, Paris, Hongkong,
Karachi, London, Moscow, Singapore and Lhasa.The International Airlines
operating their flights to Kathmandu include Aeroflot, Biman Bangladesh
Airlines, China South West Airlines, Druk Air, Indian Airlines, Lufthansa,
Pakistan International Airlines, Singapore Airlines and Thai International.
Rs. 600 per person for departure to SAARC (South Asian) Countries and
Rs. 700 for departure to other international destinations. For domestic
flights those flying within Nepal are required to pay Rs. 50.
Royal Nepal Arilines has an extensive network of air services in the interior
of Nepal. This include Taplejung, Bhadrapur, Rajbiraj, Bhojpur, Phapl,
Lukla, Lamidanda Tumlingtar, Rumjatar, and Biratnagar in the East; Nepalgunj,
Chaurjhari, Surkhet, Dang, Rolpa and Jumla, in the Mid-West, and kolti,
Mahendranagar, Dhangadi, Silgadi (Doti), Tikapur, Sanphebagar, Baitadi,
and Darchula in the Far Western Region. Besides Royal Nepal Airlines,
the other domestic airlines such as Nepal Airways, Everest Air, Asian
Airlines Helicopter, Necon Air provide regular and charter services to
different popular domestic destinations.
Royal Nepal Airlines and other domestic Airlines in the private sector
also operate breathtaking mountain flights for the tourists round the
In addition to metered taxis, limousine service is also available at the
airport for transport to major hotels in the city.
OTHER TRANSPORT ARRANGEMENTS
Metered taxis having black plates with white figures are available in
Kathmandu. Metered tempos (three wheeler scooter) are also available and
are slightly cheaper than taxis. Bicycles, motorcycles and rickshaws are
also available on hire. The fare for the bicycles or motorcycles is fixed
wheareas the fare of rickshaws is to be negotiated. There are regular
bus services between the main town of the Kathmandu Valley. The Bus Terminal
is located at Gongabu (new bus terminal) and Bagbazar (old bus terminal).
Similarly, scheduled bus services for outside the Valley operate from
the Gongabu Bus Terminal which is located at Balaju, Kathmandu.
The Department of Immigration located at Tridevi Marg, Thamel (Tel 412337)
issues trekking permit for the tourists who intend to trek any part of
the country. Trekking permit fee for different trekking areas are fixed
Annapurna, Everest,Langtang and Rara
to US$ 5 per person per week for the first four weeks and US$ 10 per
2. Dolpa and Kanchenjunga
to US$ 10 per person per week for the first four weeks and US$ 20
per week thereafter.
75 per person per week.
Mustang and upper Dolpa
700 per person for the first ten days and US$ 70 per person per day
Note: Trekking to Dolpa, Kanchenjunga,
Makalu and Mustang can be undertaken through registered trekking agencies
only. To Trek in a national park area an entrance fee of Rs. 650.00 is to
be paid separately. Likewise, an entrance fee of Rs. 200.00 is also collected
from every trekker going into the Annapurna Conservation Area. There are
several government registered trekking agencies in Nepal to conduct such
Nepal has every type of accommodation facilities that a tourist might
ask for. This ranges from the international standard star hotels to budget
hotels and lodges. Similarly one can also have a choice of sightseeing
from a range of different tour packages. In order to have an assured quality
service it is advisable to use the facilities and services of government
registered hotels, lodges, travel agencies the licensed tour guides only
and engage an authorized guide or porter only through a registered travel/trekking
MAJOR TOURIST ATTRACTIONS
few countries in the world can offer as many varieties of adventure tourism
packages as Nepal. Of the 14 peaks above 8000 meters in the world eight
are located in Nepal. It is the land of Sagarmatha (Mount. Everest, 8848
meters), the highest peak in the world and other 1310 mountain peaks.
For those who can not withstand the rigorousness of mountain climbing
there are mountain flights which fly around the Mount Everest and provide
a close look of the top of the world. Also from Nagarkot (32 kilometers
East of Kathmandu) and Daman (80 Kilometers south-west of Kathmandu) one
can have a distant view of Mount Everest and beautiful Himalayan ranges.
Trekking is the best way to get to interesting and remote mountain villages
of Nepal and to enjoy views of the famous peaks together with their lifestyle
untouched with modern civilization.
The river rafting,which is known as "White Water Adventure" represents
another major attractions. Within distance of 100 miles, one can see the
topographical variations with the rivers rising from the higher points
near Nepal's Tibetan border and then dropping dramatically to lower levels
the plains bordering India. For those who wish to view wildlife, Nepal
offers plenty of scope. Of the eight National Parks and four Wildlife
Reserves and two conservation areas in Nepal.
For the less adventures, Pokhara, the lake city of Nepal has no
equal as it provides ample opportunities for fishing, swimming, canoeing
and boating along with the sightseeing of majestic panoramic views in
its background. It is only Pokhara, a tropical spot with an altitude of
about 900 meters where from one can see the mountain crossing over 8000meters
from such a short distance of about 40 kilometers. For the nature lovers
Nepal is such a land of natural beauty that metaphors cannot delineate
its real picture. At the sametime, Nepal proffers an incomparable scope
to the scholars and connoiseurs of art and culture to see and study the
different aspects of the fine-arts be it painting, sculpture, wood carving
Kathmandu Valley possesses several historical monuments, old palaces and
palace squares, shrines and temples, ageless traditions and legends all
make it a living museum that any visitor would cherish its vivid memory
in his/her heart for ever. Nepal is the land of Lord Pashupatinath, which
is supposed to be the holiest Hindu temple in the world. Besides, two
out of the four main holy places (chhetras) of Hindu pilgrimages namely
Muktichhetra and Varahachhetra,are located in Nepal. Not only for the
Hindus but also for the Buddhists Nepal offers a unique place of pilgrimage
as it happens to be the birthplace of Lord Buddha, the apostle of peace
Nepal is a land of Festivals with some part of the Kingdom or the other
celebrating some festival during everyday of the year. Festivals may be
linked with the remembrance of the departed soul, to herald the different
seasons, to mark the beginning or end of the agricultural cycle, to mark
the national events, or just family celebrations. On a festive day the
Nepalese take their ritual bath, worship different gods and goddesses,
visit temple, observe fasting and undertake feasting. The most important
aspect of Nepali culture is the religious harmony and understanding prevailing
among the Hindus and Buddhist. Some of the major festivals of Nepal are:
New Year's Day-April 14,(First day of Baisakh)
Matatirtha Aunsi or Mother's Day - (April)
Buddha Jayanti - (April)
Machchendranath Rath Jatra- (May-June)
Guru Poornima (August)
Krishnashtami - (August-September)
Gokarna Aunsi or Father's Day - (August-September)
Indra Jatra - (September)
Bada Dashain - (September-October)
Constitution Day - (November 9, ie. Kartik 23)
Bala Chaturdarshi - (November-December)
Birthday of His Majesty the King - (December 28, ie. Paush 14)
Birth-Anniversay of His Late Majesty King Prithvi Narayani Shah, The Great
- (January 10, ie. Paush 27)
Basanta Panchami - (January-February)
National Democracy Day- (February 18, ie. Falgun 7)
Maha Shivaratri - (March-April)
Ghode Jatra - (March-April)
If someone really wants to be away for sometime from the cacophony of
modernization, here is Nepal,the best sojourn cradled in the lap of the
Himalayas that never cases to offer eternal peace and tranquility.
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